Installing a dental implant requires placing a screw like post into the gums, adding an abutment or transitionary piece, then topping it with a crown or bridge. A dental implant can be used to replace one tooth, a few teeth in a row, or the entire row of top or bottom teeth with four posts to support a bridge. In cases where the top jawbone is so deteriorated that even with a bone graft it can not hold a regular implant the zygomatic implant can be used.
Unlike a regular implant that is fused to the jaw bone the zygomatic is installed up through the top gums and into the zygoma bones that are found on either side of the face and towards the cheek bones. These implant posts are longer then the others and follow beside the sinus cavity to the cheek bones to provide a stable base for the replacement teeth to be attached too. Often two regular implants are used near the front of the mouth to support the bridge or other prothesis, but when the bone is unable to support that two zygomatic ones may be installed on each side to add additional support.
Due to the stability and placement of these implants it is possible to install a temporary bridge or prothesis immediately, with a permanent one added later when the healing process has completed. This is one way in which a person can have the appearance of a full set of upper teeth immediately without the multiple appointments required by most other implant procedures.
While this form of implant is useful when others will not work, there can be an increased risk of infection so antibiotics are regularly provided to begin before the procedure and to be completed after. It also requires a 3D bone scan and images, along with more in depth x-ray procedures and other testing before the procedure can be scheduled. This particular implant procedure should be done only by a dentist or periodontist that has the specialized training to perform it and is often the result of a few specialists and dentists working together to form the right care plan.
As the complexity of this procedure is increased over others it is most often completed under general anesthesia. This will protect the patient from pain or discomfort during the procedure while ensuring the patient won’t move or flinch, allowing the specialists to proceed uninterrupted. There is likely to be some discomfort as the sedation wears off, as well as the normal discomfort that comes with such a procedure, though it should decrease as the time after the procedure passes.
A zygomatic dental implant is a more in-depth and difficult implant procedure that is used most often for situations in which there is not enough jawbone to support the regular implant. Book your consultation with our Vancouver Implant Clinic to determine which procedure is right for you, and to be sure you know all of your options before booking any procedure.